|Panelists discuss the future of traffic safety and the Automated Highway Driving Assist system during the fourth annual Toyota Advanced Safety Seminar. Panelists, from left: Kristen Tabar, VP â€“ Technical Administration Planning Office, Toyota Technical Center; Seigo Kuzumaki, Chief Safety Technology Officer Secretary, Toyota; and Ken Koibuchi, GM of Intelligent Vehicle Development, Toyota.|
Ann Arbor, Michigan -- September 8, 2014 -- Toyota recently unveiled its vision of upcoming automotive safety, but donâ€™t expect to see autonomous vehicles from the company in the near future.
"Toyota will not be developing a driverless car," says Toyotaâ€™s Deputy Chief Safety Technology Officer, Seigo Kuzumaki, as reported by Associated Press.
While the company has not plans to produce a driverless car, several technologies shown at the at the fourth annual Toyota Advanced Safety Seminar (TASS) promise to reduce collisions.
Improvements Toyota intends to roll out within the next few years include environment-mapping systems that can track objects on the road both day and night, 3D information displays that transform the ability to provide road information to drivers, and an advanced driving support system.
â€œToyotaâ€™s vision is of a world without traffic fatalities, and these advanced connected and automated vehicle technologies hold the potential to revolutionize automotive safety,â€ says Kuzumaki. â€œWe are committed to bringing advanced active safety systems to market as quickly as possible and will make them accessible to a broad range of drivers.â€
In addition to demonstrating safety research underway at the Collaborative Safety Research Center and updating the public on development progress of fully autonomous vehicles that can operate at high speeds and in inclement weather, Toyota executives revealed the status of several advanced automated driving technologies.
Automated Highway Driving Assist (AHDA)
First unveiled last year in Japan, Toyotaâ€™s Automated Highway Driving Assist (AHDA) system is designed to team up with the driver behind the wheel to control the car safely. The newest version of AHDA, unveiled at TASS and on display at the ITS World Congress, has been programmed based on actual traffic conditions in the United States and can operate at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.
The system integrates three core technologies: Dynamic Radar Cruise Control (DRCC), Lane Trace Control (LTC) and Predictive & Interactive Human Machine Interface (HMI). These support the driver by helping to keep the vehicle in the lane and a safe distance from others on the road, all while traveling at highway speeds. Toyota says the advanced Predictive and Interactive HMI promotes driver engagement by warning when the system will disengage and monitoring the driverâ€™s hands on the wheel.
Dynamic Radar Cruise Control (DRCC)
DRCC helps enable drivers to maintain speed and headway more comfortably while also reducing potential risks by helping to maintain a set margin to the preceding vehicle. The system uses 77GHz millimeter wave radar to detect other vehicles traveling on the road and help maintain specific speeds and distances. The AHDA vehicle is equipped with a production prototype radar sensor that is installed on the front grill, which will be introduced to the market as part of Toyotaâ€™s next generation driving assist systems.
Lane Trace Control (LTC)
LTC assists the driver to easily and safely trace an appropriate path within the lane by using signals from a forward-looking camera and 77GHz millimeter-wave radar. These sensors are used to detect lane marking on the pavement as well as forward vehicles. The system calculates an appropriate driving path and automatically adjusts the vehicle's steering angle so that the vehicle remains within a lane with sufficient margin to surrounding vehicles.
Predictive & Interactive HMI (HMI)
Toyota says HMI provides advance â€œpreviewâ€ information to the driver for upcoming settings where limited system support can be expected, predicted based on upcoming road geometry as well as historical sensor performance. These predictions are intelligently generated such that they are only relevant for the particular lane in which the AHDA vehicle is currently traveling. Lane-specific predictions are a result of fusing data from an enhanced map, an automotive-grade global positioning system (GPS) receiver, and sensors such as the forward-looking camera and radar.
Driver monitoring technologies allow the system to understand the level of driver focus on the road ahead. An infrared camera allows the system to understand the driverâ€™s face direction, while a touch sensor allows the system to understand whether the driverâ€™s hands are on the steering wheel. The system warns the driver if prolonged periods of hands off the steering wheel or eyes off the forward driving scene are detected.
Toyota plans to market technologies based on the AHDA advanced driving support system in the mid-decade.
SPAD LIDAR (Single Photon Avalanche Diode/Light Detection and Ranging)
Demonstrated for the first time in North America at TASS, Toyotaâ€™s advanced SPAD LIDAR environment mapping and recognition system is a key advancement toward the deployment of automated driving technology. In addition to performance improvements, the system boasts reduced size and cost, allowing it to be installed onboard the vehicle instead of the bulky roof mounts of traditional LIDAR systems.
3D HUD (Heads-Up Display)
Toyotaâ€™s 3D Heads-Up Display provides critical information including vehicle status, traffic conditions and road signs on the front windshield, rendering them in three dimensions without the need for glasses or other accessories.